Teams of scientists and archeologists have now formally announced that they have discovered proof of the kingdom of Edom, a government mentioned in the Bible that until now has been considered a mythical story.
According to the Bible, Edom existed during the 12th-11th centuries BC and was founded by Isaac’s eldest son, Esau. It was said to have been located in the Transjordan between Moab to the northeast, Arabah to the west, and the vast Arabian Desert to the south and east, CBN reported.
The kingdom was pre-Israel, the Bible tells us, but many have felt it never really existed:
Genesis 36:31 says Edom was a thriving land long before “any Israelite king reigned.” But for years, experts found virtually no archaeological record confirming when and where Edom existed – leading many to doubt the biblical account.
Despite the doubters, though, it appears that archeologists have found evidence that Edom actually existed.
As CBN noted:
Now, a breakthrough study published in PLOS One by a team of Israeli and American scientists finds that Edom really did exist at the time and place the Bible describes.
“Using technological evolution as a proxy for social processes, we were able to identify and characterize the emergence of the biblical kingdom of Edom,” explained Tel Aviv University’s Prof. Ben-Yosef of the Central Timna Valley Project. “Our results prove it happened earlier than previously thought and in accordance with the biblical description.”
The central element at the heart of the research is the metal copper. Scientists are using advanced techniques to reveal that an advanced culture had been mining and making copper in the era long before the region was thought to have human activity.
“With advanced techniques of chemical analysis, and archaeological analysis and microscopic investigation we were able to understand how people were making copper and to find out if it was organized by one central body of people. The results are quite amazing and they tell us that something big was going on quite early, at least as early as the 11th century BCE,” Ben-Yosef told CBN News.
The researchers say that the copper production seems to have been occurring just when the Bible says that the kingdom of Edom was in existence.
The team also found that the community under focus may have another connection to a story in the Bible.
The team also found evidence linking Edom to another major biblical event – the invasion of the Holy Land by Pharaoh Shoshenq I (the biblical “Shishak”), who sacked Jerusalem in the 10th century BC.
Ben-Yosef said the pharaoh was not interested in destroying the Edomites, but instead introduced them to copper technology that completely transformed the region.
“As a consumer of imported copper, Egypt had a vested interest in streamlining the industry. It seems that, through their long-distance ties, they were a catalyst for technological innovations across the region. For example, the camel first appeared in the region immediately after the arrival of Shoshenq I,” he said.
The new findings contradict centuries of claims by archaeologists, scholars, and historians who have insisted that Edom did not exist.
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